Pregnancy Complex Veg Caps
Viridian Pregnancy Complex 60 Veg Caps - Σχεδιασμένη για την εγκυμοσύνη και τη γαλουχία
Κύρια σημεία προϊόντος:
• Φολικό οξύ • Υποστήριξη Εγκεφάλου και Οφθαλμών του εμβρύου (DHA) • Εμβρυική ανάπτυξη • Για την υγεία της μητέρας • Αγνά συστατικά χωρίς αχρείαστα μη φιλικά πρόσθετα • 100% Φυτική • 100% ενεργά συστατικά
Για την εγκυμοσύνη και κατά τη διάρκεια του θηλασμού. Ελεύθερη από Βιταμίνη Ε. Πάρτε καθημερινά παράλληλα με το Viridian Pregnancy Omega Oil για βέλτιστη διατροφή της μαμάς και του μωρού.
Κατά τη διάρκεια της εγκυμοσύνης μεγαλύτερες ποσότητες θρεπτικών ουσιών απαιτούνται για την ανάπτυξη και το μεταβολισμό των μητέρων και των εμβρυϊκών ιστών και για την αποθήκευση στο πλακούντα. Μερικές από τις συμπληρωματικές ανάγκες για θρεπτικά συστατικά καλύπτονται από την αύξηση της μητρικής πρόσληψης σε τροφή, αλλά ανεξάρτητα από την πρόσληψη, οι τεράστιες μεταβολικές αναπροσαρμογές σε θρεπτικές ουσίες, υποστηρίζουν τη χρήση των πρόσθετων συμπληρωματικών θρεπτικών συστατικών.
Δόση: Δύο κάψουλες την ημέρα μαζί με το φαγητό.
Σημ.: Ένα μπουκάλι περιέχει 60 φυτικές κάψουλες.
-ΣΥΣΤΑΤΙΚΑ: Δύο κάψουλες παρέχουν: Συνδυασμός ασκορβικών ιχνοστοιχείων 240mg (Παροχή: ασβέστιο 24mg, Μαγνήσιο 18mg & Βιταμίνη C 200mg), Κάλιο (κιτρικό) 48mg, Χολίνη (διτρυγική) 50mg, Σίδηρος (bisglycinate) 20mg, Φυσικά Βήτα Καροτενοειδή / μείγμα καροτινοειδών (D. Salina) 5mg (Παροχή: β-καροτένιο 5mg, Κρυπτοξανθίνη 39ug, Άλφα καροτένιο 158ug, Ζεαξανθίνη 32ug & Λουτεΐνη 25ug), Ψευδάργυρος (picolinate) 10mg, Συνδιασμός Βασικών Αμινοξέων: 50mg (Παροχή: L-Αργινίνη 5.5mg, L-ιστιδίνη 5.5mg, L-Ισολευκίνη 5.5mg, L-λευκίνη 5.5mg, L-Λυσίνη 5.5mg, L-Μεθειονίνη 5.5mg, L-φαινυλαλανίνη 5.5mg, L-Θρεονίνη 5.5mg & L-βαλίνη 5.5mg), DHA 25mg (Φυτικής πηγής), Ινοσιτόλη 25mg, Silica dioxide 10mg, Σελήνιο (σεληνομεθειονίνη) 100ug, Βιταμίνη Β3 (νικοτιναμιδη) 13mg, Μαγγάνιο (bisglycinate) 2mg, Βόριο (βορικό νάτριο) 1mg, Βιταμίνη Β5 (παντοθενικό ασβέστιο) 6mg, Βιταμίνη Β6 (πυριδοξίνη HCI) 2,5 mg, Χαλκός (κιτρικός) 1mg, Βιταμίνη Β12 (κυανοκοβαλαμίνη) 2.2ug, Βιταμίνη Β1 (θειαμίνη HCI) 1.4mg, Βιταμίνη Β2 (ριβοφλαβίνη) 1.6mg, Φολικό οξύ 400ug, Χρώμιο (picolinate) 50ug, Βιταμίνη D2 (ergocalciferol - vegan) 10ug, Ιώδιο (ιωδιούχο κάλιο) 150ug, Μολυβδαίνιο (μολυβδαινικό αμμώνιο) 50ug, Βιταμίνη Κ1 50ug, Βιοτίνη 30ug.
Pregnancy Complex Veg Caps (For pregnancy and Lactation)
Information: During pregnancy larger amounts of nutrients are required for growth and metabolism of maternal and foetal tissues and for storage in the foetus. Some of the additional need for nutrients is met by increased maternal food intake, but regardless of dietary intake, the enormous metabolic adjustments in nutrient utilisation support the use of additional supplemental nutrients.
Many nutrients are important to bone health but calcium is the one most likely to be deficient. In addition to calcium’s role within the structure of bone, its concentration in the blood activates controlling mechanisms on the release of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcitonin release. These hormones directly influence the dynamic movement of calcium in and out of bone tissue.
Recently, meta-analysis has revealed a much more dramatic effect of calcium supplementation on blood pressure, in pregnant women than in non-pregnant adults.
Preeclampsia is a pregnancy disorder of unknown origin, characterized by vasospasm, elevated blood pressure, and increased neuromuscular irritability, features common to syndromes of magnesium deficiency. Research reveals that both serum calcium and serum magnesium levels in preeclamptic pregnant women are lower than in normal pregnancies.
• Vitamin C
Vitamin C supplementation appears indicated to help prevent at least two complications of pregnancy – preeclampsia and premature rupture of membranes.
Preeclampsia is a serious condition of pregnancy associated with elevations in blood pressure, fluid retention, and loss of protein in the urine.
In a study of 30 women with preeclampsia and 44 women with uncomplicated pregnancy, the women with mild to severe preeclampsia had significantly lower levels of vitamin C.
Premature rupture of the foetal membranes is one of the major contributors of perinatal morbidity and mortality. It is proposed that low levels of vitamin C may lead to impaired integrity of the amniotic sac because of reduced collagen content or leave the amniotic tissue extremely susceptible to the damaging effects of free radicals.
It has also been shown that antioxidants, particularly vitamin C (ascorbic acid), have the capacity to influence glucose tolerance during pregnancy.
Women who consumed less than 70 mg vitamin C daily experienced a 1.8-fold increased risk of gestational diabetes compared with women who consumed higher amounts.
Vitamin C is the major promoter of iron absorption, thus this is beneficial in preventing anaemia in pregnancy.
• Essential Amino Acids
Of the approximately 80 amino acids found in nature, only 20 are necessary for proper human growth and function. Of these 20 amino acids, 8 are classified as essential and must be provided by food. Not only do amino acids help make neurotransmitters, the chemicals that convey messages in the brain, they also help produce hormones such as insulin; enzymes that activate bodily functions; and certain types of body fluids. In addition, they are essential for the repair, building, and maintenance of organs, glands, muscles, tendons, ligaments, skin, hair, and nails – thus being crucial for a healthy pregnancy.
The essential amino acids are histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, cysteine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, threonine, tryptophan, and valine.
Both potassium and magnesium are crucially involved in energy metabolism. Potassium is an important electrolyte that functions in the maintenance of water balance and distribution, acid-base balance, muscle and nerve cell function, heart function, and kidney/adrenal function. Potassium is essential for the conversion of blood sugar into glycogen. Exercising muscles use glycogen as a primary source of energy, thus fatigue and muscle weakness being the first signs of potassium deficiency.
• DHA (Docosahexaenoic Acid) Omega 3
DHA is a highly unsaturated fatty acid (HUFA) of the omega-3 series. DHA is involved with growth regulation, modulation of inflammation, platelet activation, lipoprotein metabolism and nervous system function. DHA is transferred across the placenta, is then present in human milk, and is accumulated in the brain and retina during fetal and infant development.
The foetal supply of polyunsaturated fatty acids depends on maternal fatty acid status, which declines as pregnancy progresses. It has been found that neonatal DHA status is associated with the newborn’s head circumference, length, and weight.
A recent study revealed that the omega 3 fatty acids also offer great promise in alleviating ‘baby blues’. Low levels of the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) after pregnancy are associated with postnatal depression.
Writing in the journal the authors note: "Although further studies are needed for confirmation, increasing dietary DHA intake during pregnancy and postpartum seems prudent."
Although fish is a naturally rich source of omega 3 fatty acids during pregnancy, there is growing concern regarding toxicity issues surrounding intake of methylmercury and other contaminants such as dioxins and PCBs found in fish. With this in mind many women prefer to choose vegetarian alternatives to fish. Suitable sources of omega 3’s include flax seed and oil, hemp seed oil, walnuts, and green leafy vegetables. Supplemental DHA is derived from micro-algae.
Data collected from 3,759 non-menopausal women showed that 48 per cent suffered from iron deficiency or iron depletion. Among post-menopausal women only 23 per cent had lower than normal levels of ferritin because iron loss is often due to menstruation and pregnancy.
Chelated forms of iron such as Iron Bisglycinate are known to be less irritating to the gut mucosa than standard prescribed forms such as ferrous sulphate. On average, an additional 6mg/day of iron needs to be absorbed during pregnancy. Vitamin C is the main promoter of iron absorption and so should be included with each meal to maximise absorption. Mean iron absorption from iron bisglycinate is approximately 4 times higher than that from ferrous sulfate, the commonly prescribed form.
Dietary surveys from 17 developing countries have shown that zinc intake of women is on average 9.6 mg/d in contrast to the 1990 Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) of 15 and 19 mg, respectively, during pregnancy and lactation. Through the use of these data and application of the probability method, it was calculated that 82% of pregnant women worldwide are likely to have an inadequate zinc intake.
• B complex Vitamins
The water soluble B complex vitamins are involved in complex processes of energy production and many metabolic pathways, nerve health, brain function, and within detoxification processes. The following represents some of the more important aspects of the B group in their relation to pregnancy.
• Folic Acid
In addition to preventing neural tube defects it has been found that folic acid can help regulate homocysteine concentrations thus preventing other pregnancy associated complications. Research has shown that higher homocysteine levels are associated with a greater risk of preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and a very-low-birth weight infant.
• Vitamin B6
The increased protein needs and up regulation of coenzymes such as pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) during pregnancy, stimulate a greater demand for vitamin B6 utilisation.
There is some evidence that supplemental vitamin B6 can be helpful for relieving nausea during pregnancy.
Scott Swarzwelder and colleagues from Duke University, North Carolina, US, have found that taking choline during pregnancy, can equip the child to learn faster and have a more efficient memory for life. It seems that the choline promotes the growth of bigger cells in certain key areas of the brain.
Inositol is required for the proper action of several brain neurotransmitters, including serotonin and acetylcholine. Inositol is also necessary for proper nerve, brain, and muscle function.
Biotin is involved in the utilisation of glucose, the breakdown and utilisation of fatty acids, cell growth, and replication. Biotin supports the growth of strong nails and healthy hair.
Silica is known for its nutritional benefits in supporting the proper integrity of the skin, ligaments, tendons, and bone. Silica is required for the proper functioning of an enzyme (prolyhydroxylase) that functions in the formation of collagen in bone, cartilage, and other connective tissues.
• Beta Carotene (D. Salina)
Vitamin A is often of concern both regarding excess and deficiency during pregnancy.
It was recently estimated that nearly 20 million pregnant women have low-to-deficient vitamin A status, and more than 6 million women develop night blindness during pregnancy. Beta-carotene the precursor to Vitamin A, needed for normal cell functioning, a healthy immune response, and for mucous membrane integrity can be taken in large amounts without toxicity issues, unlike the retinol form. As well as being a non-toxic form the D.Salina source of beta carotene also provides other key carotenoid family members including zeaxanthin, lutein, crytptoxanthin, and alpha carotene.
Achieving adequate Vitamin A status through beta-carotene intake supports healthy visual development due to the human retina having four kinds of vitamin A containing photopigments. Vitamin A is also important in growth and development through its effects in the production of glycoproteins, some of which appear to control cellular differentiation and gene expression.
Manganese functions in many enzyme systems, including enzymes involved in blood sugar control, energy metabolism, and thyroid hormone function.
Copper is involved in the production of SOD alongside zinc. Copper deficiency results in iron deficiency anemia because copper is required in proper iron absorption and utilisation. Copper is also necessary for the activation of an enzyme lysyl oxidase, required for in the crosslinking of collagen and elastin, crucial for healthy skin, hair, bone, blood vessels and joints.
Boron appears to assist in healthy bone formation through its effects on calcium and vitamin D metabolism.
Mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency during pregnancy adversely affects thyroid function of the mother and newborn and mental development of the offspring and these adverse effects can be prevented or minimized by supplementation.
Slightly increasing levels of the trace mineral selenium might help prevent pre-eclampsia in susceptible women, suggests a new study from the UK.
The researchers found that women with low levels of the mineral raised their risk of developing the condition by up to four times. Pre-eclampsia can develop in late pregnancy and causes high blood pressure, damage to the kidneys and reduced blood flow to the placenta that can complicate the pregnancy. Women deficient in the mineral selenium are more likely to suffer from the pregnancy complication pre-eclampsia. This is the finding of Margaret Rayman and colleagues from the University of Surrey, UK.
Molybdenum acts as a necessary coenzyme required for detoxification processes. Low molybdenum levels may lead to increased allergic reactions to sulfite a type of preservative. Population studies show a correlation between areas of high molybdenum intake and a low rate of tooth decay. It has been shown that molybdenum and fluoride added to drinking water may be more effective than fluoride alone.
Chromium has been found to be effective in cases of both hyper and hypoglycaemia. Chromium works closely with insulin in facilitating the uptake of glucose into cells. Without chromium, insulin’s action is blocked and blood sugar levels are elevated. Chromium deficiency is common in Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (type 2 diabetes). Chromium functions within the body as part of the glucose tolerance factor (GTF) this molecular structure has nicotinic acid (B3) into its structure. Thus POLYNICOTINATE, literally meaning many vitamin B3 molecules, is a highly bioavailable suitable form for this formula.
• Vitamin K
Newborn infants are well established risk group for vitamin K deficiency. Factors contributing to the condition are poor placental transfer, low concentrations of plasma clotting factors because of hepatic immaturity, and low vitamin K content of breast milk. Vitamin K is required for the function of a number of proteins involved in blood clotting. It is also required for healthy bone matrix development in the formation of osteocalcin. Low vitamin K levels correlate with poor bone development.
Vitamin K also plays a role in kidney health by inhibiting the growth of calcium oxalate monohydrate crystals.
• Vitamin D
Vitamin D acts as both a vitamin and a hormone and is produced within the skin after exposure to sunlight. Graham Bentham, a professor of environmental science at the University of East Anglia, said 80 per cent of vitamin D comes from exposure to sunlight, but during the months of October to March sunlight exposure in Britain is not sufficient for the body to produce any vitamin D.
Vitamin D Deficiency results in rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Rickets is characterised by an inability to calcify the bone matrix. It has become increasingly apparent since the 1980s that vitamin D also plays important roles not only within calcium metabolism but also; effects skin cells, cancer cells, parathyroid function, and insulin secretion. Vitamin D appears to play a crucial role in mental health as demonstrated by a recent study;
Vitamin D supplementation during the first year of life is associated with a reduced risk of schizophrenia in males. Preventing hypovitaminosis D during early life may reduce the incidence of schizophrenia,"
A recent study found an association between a mother’s intake of vitamin D during pregnancy and reduced risk of type 1 diabetes, caused by an autoimmune reaction, in her offspring. Scientists have also reported that women who take vitamin D supplements through multivitamins are 40 per cent less likely to develop multiple sclerosis (MS) than women who do not take supplements.
Dosage: Take two capsules daily with food, or as directed by your healthcare professional.
Potential applications: This formula is specific to provide supplemental support during the pre-conceptual period, pregnancy and during lactation.
Contraindications: None known.
Interactions: A healthcare professional should be notified if taking existing medications to rule out any drug-nutrient interaction.
Links: The following can provide optional support as required - Organic Flax Seed Oil (a rich source of omega 3 fatty acids) Calcium, magnesium and zinc powder, fibre complex, and probiotics (Tri-blend).